History Of CID


  • 1902 - Frazer Commission was appointed by the then British Government to review the Policing in British India and to recommend suggestions for improvement in Police Department.
  • 1903 - Frazer Commission submitted its report to Government. One Important recommendation of the Commission was that a separate Crime Branch should be created for each Presidency under direction and control of the Inspector General of Police. Mr.J.E.Down, Inspector General of Police of Bombay Presidency from 1897 to June 1905, had assisted Frazer Commission in drafting recommendations for improvement in policing.
  • June 1905 - The British Government implemented recommendations of Frazer Commission and appointed Mr.R.B.Stewart as Inspector General of Police for Bombay Presidency. Mr.J.E.Down was downgraded as Dy.Inspector General of Police and appointed as Head of the Railways and Criminal Investigation, created newly as per the recommendation of Frazer Commission.
  • Mr. Michael Kennedy, the first Dy.Inspector General of Police of erstwhile Railways and Criminal Investigation, submitted his proposal to the Government, regarding structure and functioning of the C.I.D..
  • The Government vide G.R.No.zJudicial Deptt./5607/05 Dtd. 26/10/1905 reorganized erstwhile Criminal Investigation Branch of Bombay Presidency and Criminal Investigation Department came into picture.
  • As per the Annual Administration report of the Inspector General of Police Bombay Presidency, staff strength of C.I.D. in 1905 and the pay of the various ranks (as per G.R. No. Judicial Deptt./5607/05 Dtd. 26/10/1905) was as follows
  • Rank Strength PAY Per Month.(Rs.)
    Inspector 6 250/-
    Confidential Clerk 1 80/-
    Chief Constable 7 80/-
    Head Constable 15 20/-
    Constable 20 9/-
  • Intelligence Department was also included in the C.I.D.. The Headquarters of C.I.D. was kept at Pune, as the Inspector General of Police, Bombay Presidency was also stationed at Pune. FAMH Vincent was the first Superintendent of Police of the C.I.D., who had joined Imperial Police in 1897.

Historical Importance of the Building of C.I.D. Headquarters, Pune

The building which houses the State C.I.D. office near Sangam Bridge has historical importance. Till 1928 it housed the District Session Court. When the District Court shifted to new premises at Shivajinagar, in November 1928, the old building was allotted to the State C.I.D. During the British rule, the trial of the renowned revolutionary, Late Shri Vasudev Balvant Phadke and his comrades had been held in the main building. He was sentenced to life imprisonment in 1879 and deported to Eden where he breathed his last in February 1883.

Vasudev Balvant Phadke's resolve to fight the British found justification and encouragement in the changing political scenario of the Deccan region in Maharashtra.The State C.I.D. is planning a memorial of this great freedom fighter in the historical memories. The memorial will be inaugurated in 2005, the centenary year of the State C.I.D..



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